Ammonium (NH4+) — or its uncharged form ammonia (NH3) — is a form of nitrogen which aquatic plants can absorb and incorporate into proteins, amino acids, and other molecules. High concentrations of ammonium can enhance the growth of algae and aquatic plants. Bacteria can also convert high ammonium to nitrate (NO3-) in the process of nitrification, which lowers dissolved oxygen.
Ammonia in water is either un-ionized ammonia or the ammonium ion. Typically, the value reported is the sum of both forms and is reported as total ammonia or simply - ammonia. The relative proportion of the two forms present in water is highly affected by pH.
Un-ionized ammonia is the toxic form and predominates when pH is high. Ammonium ion is relatively non-toxic and predominates when pH is low. In general, less than 10% of ammonia is in the toxic form when pH is less than 8.0 pH units. This proportion increases dramatically as pH increases.
The equilibrium between NH3 and NH4+ is also affected by temperature. At any pH, more toxic ammonia is present in warmer water than in cooler water.
The YSI ProDSS - Digital Sampling System - is the ultimate water quality field instrument for sampling and profiling. With the ProDSS, we have answered our customer's demands to produce a truly rugged, reliable and smart multiparameter handheld instrument.
The new multi-parameter systems with intelligent, digital sensors for pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) and conductivity measurement revolutionize multi-parameter measurement:
The signal processing is completely located in the sensor, and the measuring signal is transmitted to the meter without interference and in a clearly identifiable manner via thin, highstrength cables. A wide range of sensors are available for virtually every application.
The EXO advanced water quality monitoring platform includes the versatile multiparameter EXO2 sonde for oceanographic, estuarine, or surface water applications. Collect data to 250m with the advanced EXO2 sonde – contains six replaceable 'smart' sensors and a central wiper to clean biofouling.
Capturing accurate data in fresh water, ground water and marine aquatic environments is easy with . The versatile multiparameter EXO1 sonde is ideal for estuarine, surface water, or ground water applications.
Instrument Only. Cables, probes/sensors, and accessories sold separately - please see the "Accessories" tab for details.
Measure optical dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll, blue-green algae, rhodamine, or turbidity in combination with temperature, conductivity and depth. Designed for use in fresh, sea or polluted waters, the 600OMS V2 data sonde utilizes the field-proven YSI sensors and incorporates innovations in water quality sensor modules that fits into the sonde body.
Each TruLine ISE features an integrated reference. This eliminates the need for a separate reference half-cell when measuring ion concentration and is more convenient. Each ISE can be refilled with reference/electrode filling solution, extending the life of each ISE. The electrodes also feature a double-junction reference for optimum performance in the lab.
Application oriented benchtop sets for multiple parameter monitoring: pH, mV, ISE, saturation, concentration, partial pressure, conductivity, special resistance, salinity, TDS, temperature
Cutting edge technology from WTW for demanding laboratory applications. Two digital inoLab® multi-parameter instruments for IDS sensors for parallel measuring of one identical or varying parameters. Up to three sensors (inoLab® Multi 9430 IDS) can be connected. A large glass shield protects the graphic display and supports the presentation of the measuring values and recognition of important information. The innovative and antibacterial keypad helps to protect against microbiological contamination. The solid zinc die-casting lower case gives the meters a safe standing and also protection from the environment. As a special feature, both models can be upgraded with an additional module for conventional pH measurement.
The YSI 6951 Pontoon Vertical Profiling System offers user-programmable sample intervals, redundant error recovery logic that detects unexpected activity and recovers automatically, and is compatible with all YSI EXO and 6-Series sondes equipped with depth.
With an easily scalable solution, the 2020 3G allows for the connection of up to 20 sensors. This modular plug-and-play system allows you to monitor the water quality in your wastewater system continuously and accurately.
YSI has earned a reputation as the Gold Standard in bio-analytical instruments with highly accurate sensors and rapid results. The key to generating analyte-specific results in 60 seconds or less is YSI's innovative biosensor technology.
The YSI 6952 Buoy - Vertical Profiling System offers user-programmable sample intervals, redundant error recovery logic that detects unexpected activity and recovers automatically, and is compatible with all YSI EXO and 6-Series sondes equipped with depth.